|Brief Description |
The southern of the Dúnedain kingdoms in Middle-earth. Its extensions were (at the height of it's power): North to Celebrant, east to the Sea of Rhûn, south to the river Harnen and Umbar, and west to Gwathló. Major cities were Osgiliath, MinasIthil and MinasAnor, DolAmroth and Pelargir.
Estimated Size: 716,426 sq.miles 
Only a short while after the downfall of Númenor (SeA:3320), Elendil and his sons Isildur and Anárion had founded their Realms in Exile (with the support of Gil-galad): Arnor and Gondor. Arnor was the northern part of the realm and lay in Eriador. Capitol of Arnor was Annúminas, where Elendil himself resided. Gondor, the southern part was ruled by his sons, (under the final authority of Elendil), Isildur resided in MinasIthil, Anárion in MinasAnor (later called MinasTirith), however chief city of Gondor was Osgiliath.
Elendil named his sons after the Moon and Sun, respectively, so to establish a "viceregency" in Gondor each son got a city named after themselves. During the War of the Ring Frodo saw HennethAnun? by moonlight, and MinasMorgul at night. Merry first saw MinasTirith at sunrise, when they unfurled the banners and started the day-watch, and later saw it as the sun set under Sauron's black clouds.
Osgiliath was burned in ThA:1437 during the Kin-strife, MinasIthil was besieged by the Witch-king of Angmar (ThA:2000), two years later it fell and was renamed MinasMorgul.
|Comments and Annotations |
 AoMe(1), p191
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